South Sudan Essay
In South Sudan Nobody Talks About the Weather | Creative Time...
Amid failing UN peacekeeping efforts, South Sudan's long and difficult rainy season is the only reprieve from ongoing civil war. This report by Joshua ...
South Sudan Essay
Simultaneously, a variety of intercessors from juba attempted to intervene and act as meditators in negotiations between the two parties, including the shilluk reth, as well as obac william olawo, a shilluk businessman with close connections to kiir, and various members of the splm and spla. In juba, the spla claimed that bwogo was going to investigate ongoing ethnic tensions and was accidentally killed. In 201011, the spla responded to the electoral success of the splmdc, led by lam akol, with mounting recriminatory attacks on shilluk communities on the west bank of the nile.
On 27 february 2016, lam announced his new cabinet, drawing many appointees from the cabinet of simon kun puoch, who was dismissed as the governor of upper nile in august 2015. Maban county, in the east of the state, largely remains under the control of local mabanese militias and the spla, although septemberdecember 2015 saw intermittent altercations as splaio forces moved through the area. Machars map would give the state capital to the shilluk and ensure that the new shilluk statenamed fashoda state, after the traditional dwelling place of the shilluk rethwould be a coherent territorial entity.
This war has had two major periods of activity. The padang dinka militias, the spla, and the gubernatorial guards acted in concert against olonyis troops. In december 2013, when the current civil war began, other than the splawhose nuer majority largely supported the splaiothe most significant military forces in the state were the shilluk militias of okiec, ogat, and olonyi.
By , the two sides had signed an agreement in nairobi and olonyis forces joined the rebel group. Neither olonyi nor fidele has evinced any interest in the structure of national politics, nor is either man beholden to machars vision of south sudan or to an splaio government. Olonyis agwelek forces have largely withdrawn from the river bank to avoid spla attention.
On the other side of the concrete pillars are the civilians that the un is putatively protecting. A circular written on 1 february by daniel chuang, the secretary general of eastern nile, indicates that civil servants from elsewhere in upper nile will have their employment terminated, pending their transfer to the new states of latjor and western nile. Just over a year later, as of , the governor of eastern nile was a padang dinka military officer, chol thon, and olonyi had been forced into the splaio and off the east bank of the nile.
The stage is now set for further clashes. Historians may no longer agree with thomas carlyle that the history of the world is but the biography of great men, but they certainly didnt tell the journalists and politicians. On 15 may, the spla withdrew its mechanized division from the doleib hillsan important strategic site south of malakalfearing that it would be overrun, and splaio forces advanced north from jonglei and took the area. The spla periodically shells the west bank of the nile, aiming at agwelek and tfnf positions. The struggle for control of these institutions became part of the political battle between the dinka and the shilluk.
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South Sudan Essay
South Sudan; A Failed State | PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd ...
In my book, Salva Kiir-led Government of South Sudan is a big fat man, who in presence of the deaf, farts so loudly with a long note, forgetting that they ...
South Sudan Essay
At the outbreak of the south sudanese civil war, increasing padang dinka domination of the state was not reflected in its formal political administration, The pocs were immediately overcrowded.
On the east bank of the nile, in malakal, these measures were designed to limit contact between the shilluk on the west bank and those at the poc site, Despite the length of the histories invoked by both sides, however, the land dispute between them really only became divisive in 2005.
This attack was not an isolated event, but part of a concerted campaign by the padang dinka military and political elite of upper nile to push the shilluk off the east bank of the white nile, which is contested by both groups, Sudan as a matter of manifest destiny (with the united states in the role of ).
Following clashes at the stadium, padang dinka fighters attacked shilluk positions at lelo, in what is now akoka county, and in nagdiar, Almost all fighters in the spla were nuer, and most of them immediately defected to the nascent splaio.
In part due to their physical dispersion, the padang dinka have long had less political capital in the splm than the powerful political lobbies of the dinka of bor and bahr el ghazal, Since its formation, the tfnf have clashed with government forces around wadakona, at gabat.
The Conflict in Upper Nile - HSBA for Sudan and South Sudan
Given that the west bank is controlled by shilluk forces hostile to the government, otons appointment is for now purely nominal and will have no effect on governance in the territory. South sudans nuer are separated out from other groups and given their own mono-ethnic states. In juba, the spla claimed that bwogo was going to investigate ongoing ethnic tensions and was accidentally killed. However, there has been no response from chol thons administration, and it is unclear whether the letter will have any substantive impact on the ground, or whether it was rather an attempt by kiir to distance himself from the padang dinka administration. Although latjor state is run by grss loyalists, tensions between latjor and eastern nile states exist nonetheless.
While okiechs force is not strong enough to take renkthe repeated target of splaio incursions from wadakona in 20unified shilluk support for okiech and olonyi, and the presence of the two militias on the west bank of the white nile, will prevent the spla and the padang dinka militias from occupying the territory permanently. The spla has dug extensive defensive fortifications around malakal, especially at the airport, and has extensively reinforced its military presence in the state capital. On , the president of south sudan, salva kiir, issued an administrative decree that divided south sudans ten states into 28, plunging the countrys precarious peace process into chaos. Joshua craze is a writer and an assistant professor at the university of chicago. In the dry season, , cross the disputed bordersome 40 miles north of pariangand graze their cattle here.
At the same time, helicopter gunships attacked agwelek positions at kaka, and spla troops crossed to lelo, where they have a cantonment site under the terms of the august 2015 peace agreement. The real question, however, was the ownership of malakal for both sides, leading the parade would indicate that malakal belonged to their respective ethnic group. In an attempt to ensure padang dinka control of the white nile, the militias have frequently razed civilian residences on the west bank of the nile (such as at wau shilluk on 25 december 2015 and ) and fired on civilians. The rise of the padang dinka at the national level allowed for their increased dominance in upper nile. Among the results were massive price increases at the poc site, whose residents relied on goods from sudan and fish from the river, delivered to the camp by traders and family members on the west bank of the nile. There are maps showing which roads are passable. The pocs were immediately overcrowded, and during the rainy season people slept in inches of water. Simultaneously, negotiations between olonyi and the splaio were taking place in secret carlos kuol, a jikany nuer splaio brigadier general previously stationed in unity state, was in wadakona and led the proceedings for the splaio. The beginning of south sudans rains signals the start of high season for chol, proud possessor of pariangs only tractor. While they acted in concert with splaio forces under the command of tanginye and thomas mabor dhola brigadier general answerable to tanginyein mayjuly 2015, the agwelek have acted in almost entirely autonomous fashion since then.HSBA - The Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan A project of the Small Arms Survey Maison de la Paix, Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2E | 1202 Geneva ...
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The padang dinka are a riverine group the comprise the ngok dinka of abyei, the panaru and alor dinka of unity state, and dinka groups in akoka, baliet, melut, and renk counties. As a result of abyeis particular travails, these politicians were largely delinked from the land issues in upper nile and unity, which have to come to shape the contemporary padang dinka political lobby at the national level. Fighting within the poc site intensified on 17 february. Since 2005, the dinka and the shilluk have contested three principal areas what is now known as akoka county (created in 2010), pigi county, and the area of nagdiar in baliet county. As per their contracts, the grss should have evacuated them Buy now South Sudan Essay
In february 2016, however, the situation worsened once again. On 7 february 2016, eastern nile community leaders indicated that they would not accept an splmio governor. It is a friend in juba, south sudans capital, saying hello. As the conflict continued, the mathiang anyoor and other bahr el ghazal militias increasingly recruited younger men and boys, and gave them less training as a result, they became less useful as a fighting force. On , the intergovernmental authority on development (igad), the regional political bloc that oversees south sudans peace talks, asked the grss to suspend its plan to implement the 28 states, claiming that kiirs decree was inconsistent with the august peace agreement South Sudan Essay Buy now
Instead of waging a national war, the militias aim to secure padang dinka control of the east bank of the nile and domination of the states political structures. Many shilluk in malakal were reminded of the state governments silence after the 2009 padang dinka attacks on nagdiar and elsewhere they expressed concern that simon kun puochs administration was playing a partisan role, rather than serving as a neutral body and mediating between the two sides. Redrawing borders and creating counties are tactics that have long been used by both the gos and the grss to funnel resources and land to selected groups while marginalizing others. On 1 march, unmiss caught three armed padang dinka members of the state security service attempting to cut through the poc sites perimeter fence Buy South Sudan Essay at a discount
Although the spla operation on the west bank was officially a disarmament campaign, the spla razed villages, killed and raped civilians, and fuelled shilluk hostility towards the upper nile administration. As i hear the experts talk, there is no trace of how little any of us actually know. Reading the news from afar, one would be forgiven for thinking that the fate of south sudan depended on the actions of just a few men21st-century napoleonsand that life was simply a matter of their intentions, unconstrained by the world around them. Up and down the road the scene is repeated the whole village crouches in silence, waiting for the rains to stop, waiting for life to begin again. On 1617 february, dinka idps, along with dinka members of the spla and associated militias, clashed with the nuer and shilluk residents of the poc site Buy Online South Sudan Essay
We are walking next to a stern set of concrete pillars, hot to the touch under an implacable sun. With the onset of each dry season, the sudanese army would move out from its urban redoubts, and fighting would begin. Parts of the splas 6th and 7th divisions are also operative in upper nile, as well as elements of kiirs presidential guard and members of the mathiang anyoor militia from bahr el ghazal, although the military importance of these out-of-state militia forces has decreased markedly over the course of the last year. Since 2005, the dinka and the shilluk have contested three principal areas what is now known as akoka county (created in 2010), pigi county, and the area of nagdiar in baliet county Buy South Sudan Essay Online at a discount
Prior to the election, the splms political bureau in upper nile could not agree on a candidate, and the tension between shilluk and padang dinka candidates was escalating. Jérôme tubiana is a writer and photographer who has covered conflicts in sudan, south sudan, chad and the horn of africa for over twenty years. In 201415, in contrast, it was olonyis shilluk agwelek forces that were pursuing a largely ethnic agenda with funding and backing from juba. Although the grss spokesperson, michael makuei, has repeatedly claimed that the process of establishing the new states has been suspended, the process continues unabated in dinka-majority states such as eastern nile. The situation was only resolved when the foreign companies chartered planes from juba to paloich, removing all but a skeleton staff from the oil fields South Sudan Essay For Sale
In response, the government announced that it would suspend the plan on 24 december 2015, kiir appointed peter lam both, a government loyalist, as the governor of latjor state. Fidele, who led the negotiations for the agwelek in nairobi, is politically important to olonyi, who famously proclaimed that he himself had a doctorate in fightinga disparaging gesture made to insult machar, who has a phd in mechanical engineering. On 7 february 2016, eastern nile community leaders indicated that they would not accept an splmio governor. In what is effectively a war waged on the shilluk population, the padang dinka have not discriminated between civilians and soldiers. By the beginning of 2015, padang dinka militias, which were not directly answerable to the spla military hierarchy, had control of much of south sudans oil and all of its functional oil fields as of the time of writing, however, the unity oil fields were offline For Sale South Sudan Essay
Historians may no longer agree with thomas carlyle that the history of the world is but the biography of great men, but they certainly didnt tell the journalists and politicians. Reading the news from afar, one would be forgiven for thinking that the fate of south sudan depended on the actions of just a few men21st-century napoleonsand that life was simply a matter of their intentions, unconstrained by the world around them. There are metal pipes shining out of the red earth, as inviting as slides at the fair. For the last six months the soldiers have been waiting, with little food, little ammunition and bad water. Tensions immediately escalated in malakal town, and mathloum and olonyis forces clashed in paloich (on 23 april) and in malakal (on 24 april) Sale South Sudan Essay
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